Real estate, alternative real assets and other diversions

The View from Berkeley Square The listed European sector shows a strong recovery

Investor's Notebook

Village with fields in the distance

Continental carry trade

The big takeaway from the interim results season is the recovery in continental property markets. It’s been a decade since the listed sector in Europe signalled such a positive outlook in spite of some mixed performances in retail. Offices and logistics/industrial in all countries, and residential in almost all, would appear strong or in recovering phase, and with limited new supply. Combined with low interest rates and strong investment markets, this trend is partly reflected in share price performances, with the EPRA/NAREIT Index for the Eurozone showing an 8% TR in euros YTD, or 15% in sterling.

Colonial in Spain takes the prize as the most positive, particularly on the Barcelona office market, but perhaps the biggest change in sentiment this year is in Paris offices where Gecina, Icade, Unibail and Colonial are signalled good momentum. And it would appear the ‘Macron effect’ has been positive for the regional market with Foncierre des Regions and Icade both reporting improved take-up and rental growth in the larger cities. Meanwhile the Nordic markets continue to show good growth and limited supply, as reported by Entra, Wihlborg and Fabege; and the German office markets outlook remains positive (Alstria). Supply is coming through in Dublin, and Paris has the potential for higher supply, but at the moment Europe is not showing the same supply-side threats as we are seeing in the US (a key feature of the US REIT reporting season). Even the Dutch office market feels better!

Retail in Europe is more variable, with Unibail and Klepierre delivering good NRI growth (3.4% and 2.7% respectively), but the retail sales picture overall is challenging: Unibail showing +1.8% in France compared to Klepierre -0.4%, and Hammerson -3.1%. Both Unibail and Klepierre have taken great strides to sell smaller malls in order to concentrate on regional and super-regional retail and leisure assets, but one can’t help feeling that even the best malls with ongoing investment are at risk of going ex-growth. Unibail presented very clearly on why Europe represents such a different retail property dynamic compared to the US, but the bottom line is that Amazon is coming to Europe in size and sooner than you think! Ironically, both Simon Property Group and General Growth, the leading US mall REITs, delivered robust results for H1 and clear strategies on how they are managing the internet threat. Meanwhile Spain (LAR retail sales +3%) and the Nordics (Unibail +4.4%) showed the best retail sales growth in Europe.

UK consumer concerns

In the UK both Intu and Hammerson reported declining retail sales (-2.1% and -3.9%), not helped by a slowing economy and almost daily warnings of consumer indebtedness. So not only do we face structural changes in the face of e-commerce, but we now face cyclical weakness. Without compelling dividend yields it’s going to be hard for UK mall REITs to provide an adequate return for equity investors. The pressures on cost control and M&A will only intensify.

The UK consumer woes are highlighted in the weakness of the London second-hand homes market – Foxtons showing sales down 29%, EBITDA down 46% and profits down 64%. This is in contrast to the health of the regional new-build market where Taylor Wimpey delivered upgrades to its guidance; however 45% of its sales are financed via Help to Buy and so a review of this policy could have implications for the UK homebuilders in spite of the on-going housing shortages.

Investor's Notebook

About Robert Fowlds

Robert Fowlds

Robert Fowlds retired from investment banking in 2015 as Head of Real Estate Investment Banking for JP Morgan Cazenove. In 10 years Robert led or co-led around 60 public market transactions including IPOs, equity raises and M&A. Prior to corporate finance, Robert was Co-Head of Real Estate Equity Research at Merrill Lynch, and previously Kleinwort Benson, where his team was #1 ranked in the Extel and Institutional Investor Surveys for 11 years. Robert's early career was as a chartered surveyor.

Articles by Robert Fowlds

Our Partners